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Get Substring in C

To get a substring from a C string, you can use the strncpy() function to copy a specified number of characters from the original string to a new buffer.

Here's an example function that extracts a substring from a C string:

#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
char* substring(char* str, int start, int length) {
  	// Assume start and length are valid
  	// Then
    // Allocate memory for the new substring
    char* sub = (char*)malloc(sizeof(char) * (length + 1));

    // Copy the substring to the new buffer
    strncpy(sub, str + start, length);

    // add the null terminator to the end of the string
    sub[length] = '\0';

    return sub;
}

int main() {
    char str[] = "Hello, world!";
    char* sub = substring(str, 7, 5);
    printf("Substring: %s\n", sub);
    free(sub);
    return 0;
}

This function takes three arguments: the original string str, the starting index of the substring start, and the length of the substring length. It returns a new dynamically allocated string that contains the extracted substring.

This program will output:

Substring: world

The memory allocated for the new string using malloc() must be freed using free() when it's no longer needed, to avoid memory leaks.





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